History Of Rampur Bushair

Rampur Bushair Also Spelt As "Bushahr" And "Bussahir" Was A Princely State In India During The British Raj. It Was Located In The Hilly Western Himalaya Promontory In The Northern Part Of Colonial Punjab. The Territory Of This Former State Is Now Part Of Kinnaur And Shimla District Of The Indian Republic's State Of Himachal Pradesh. The Erstwhile Bashahr State Was Traversed By The Sutlej River. It Had An Area Of 8,907 Km². The Erstwhile Bashahr State Was Occupied By A Gorkha King From Central Nepal From 1803 To 1815, Ranjit Singh, The Ruler Of The Sikh State In The Punjab, Intervened In 1809 And Drove The Nepalese Army East Of The Satluj River. A Rivalry Between Nepal And The British East India Company Over The Annexation Of Minor States Bordering Nepal Eventually Led To The Anglo-Nepalese War (1815–16) Or The Gurkha War. Both Parties Eventually Signed The Treaty Of Sugauli, Following Which The Gurkhas Were Expelled From Kamru, The Capital Of Bashahr.

In 1898, Bashahr State Was Taken Over By The British Administration, Although The Raja Remained Nominally In Charge. After British Occupation, The Bashahr State Was By Far The Largest Of The 28 Simla Hills States. There Was A Tax Revolt By Bashahr's Peasants In 1906. The Original Seat Of The Rulers Of The Erstwhile Bushahr State Was At The Kamru Fort, In The Village Kamru At The Bank Of The Baspa River. The Fort Is Currently Abandoned And Houses An Idol Of Kamakhya Devi (Kamakshi Dev), Which Have Been Brought Several Centuries Ago From Kamakhya Temple In Guwahati. The Rulers Subsequently Moved To Sarahan. The Palace Of "The Raja Of Bushahr State" At Sarahan "The Srikhand View" Was Built By Order Of Raja Padam Singh For His Lodging In Sep,1917.

The Current Residence Of The "Raja Of Bushahr State" Is At The Padam Palace At Rampur, Shimla District. The Town Of Rampur May Have Been Founded By Raja Kehri Singh In The 17th Century Or By Raja Ram Singh In The 18th. The Rulers Moved Down From Their Traditional Seat In Sarahan To The Banks Of The River Sutlej. Bushair Was One Of The Richest Princely States In The Hills And Was An Important Center For Trade Between Tibet, Kinnaur And The Lower Areas. The Ruling Princes Of Bashahr Were Styled As Rana Before The Nepalese Occupation & Titled Raja Afterwards With A Personal Gun Salute Of 9 Guns, The Ruler Of Bashahr Was Only Hills "Raja" Amongest India's Upper Class Of Princely Salute States But Was Not Entitled To The Style Of His Highness Until Independence In 1947.

Ranas Of Bushair "Rana Family"

Year Of #### To ####         Shri Kehri Singh
Year Of #### To ####         Shri Ram Singh
Year Of #### To ####         Shri Ugar Singh
Year Of 1803 To 1815         Nepalese Occupation

Rajas Of Bushair "King Of Bushair"

Year Of 1816 to 1850         Shri Mahendra Singh
Year Of 1850 to 1887         Shri Shamsher Singh
Year Of 1887 to 1898         Shri Raghunath Singh
Year Of 1898 to 1914         Shri Shamsher Singh (Return To Power)
Year Of 1914 to 1947         Shri Padam Singh
Year Of 1947 to Till Date    Shri Virbhadra Singh

The Main Attraction Of Rampur Is The Lavi Fair, Which Is Supposed To Be One Of The Biggest Fairs Of North India. This Fair Is Held Every Year During The Second Week Of November. The Fair Is Quite Popular Among The People In Shimla And Is Held For Three Days. The Fair Is Abuzz With Life And Activities As It Is A Major Crowd Puller. The Fair Is Commercial In Nature As Tradesmen And Craftsmen Come From All Over Shimla To Buy, Sell And Exchange Articles Like Dry Fruits, Shawls, Blankets, Crop Produce, Handicraft Items, Fruits, Etc. Some People Even Trade In Livestock Like Sheep, Goats, Cows And Horses. The Place Is One Of The Best Shopping Hubs And One Can Get Just About Any Exotic Item Over Here. You Can Pick Up Handicraft Items Like Wooden Carvings And Clay Sculptures. The Most Popular Items Are The Handspun Woolen Shawls And Rugs That Are Warm Even In The Coldest Weather. Rampur Is Famous For Its Handspun Blankets That Are Popularly Known "Rampuri Chaddar" (Chaddar Is Hindi For Blanket). The Blankets Are Known For Their Softness And Durability And Tourists Make It A Point To Buy Atleast One From Here. Rampur Town Is One Of The Biggest Commercial Centers Of Shimla, Is Located At A Distance Of Around 135 Kilometers From Shimla. It Is One Of The Most Important Market And Business Centers Of Shimla. Rampur Used To Be The Capital City Of The Bushahr Empire During The 18th Century In India. Located Near Shimla, Rampur Falls Along The Ancient Trade Route To Afghanistan, Ladakh, China And Tibet. It Is Located On The Banks Of Mighty River Sutlej. The Tradition Of Rampur Is Still Pulsating As Ever & Feels Completely Rejuvenated On Visiting.